Welcome back. I have been praying that God would use The True Vine to provide sound Bible teaching and to allow the Holy Spirit to speak into the hearts of the readers. Week after week, every four day’s we are publishing articles. Why? Because we love you. We are confident that by the proclamation of truth, people are becoming free. This is not a strategy or technique this is what the Bible teaches. John 8:3 “Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.” Jesus is the truth. He gave himself this title, “I am the truth.” Jesus is the centerpiece of all the Scriptures. John 5:46 “If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me.”
Grab your Bible as we continue in Romans 5:12-21.
When we look at these verses as a whole there is a running theme. Sin, 11 times in these verses we read sin, sinned, sinners. Within the theme, there are two categories, Origin of sin and Completion of sin.
ORIGIN OF SIN:
12 “Therefore, just as sin entered the world (Origin) through one man (Adam), and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned.”
The word sin has two meanings. The first is “To miss the mark.” Here sin may be pictured as any attitude or act of a person which does not hit the bull’s eye of God’s glory target. The second meaning is “To overstep the forbidden line.” Sin covers both our inability to do right and inclination to do wrong. Can you remember the private tutor that came to your house as a child to teach you how to lie? You don’t remember because it never happened. We don’t have to teach our children to lie; we need to teach them to tell the truth. This points to our sin nature. By nature we are sinful. This answers the question, “Who is affected?” All have sinned.
13 To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law.
We must continually be reminded of Paul’s audience here. The audience in primarily Jewish and Paul is reminding the readers that sin was in the world before the law. Before the commands and Scriptures. This is important because we are not sinful because we missed the mark. We are sinful because Adam sinned.
There are several theories about Adam’s sin and its relationship to mankind.
· The Pelagian view- Adam’s sin affected only himself, and merely resulted in a bad moral example.
· Semi-Pelagian view- Adam’s sin merely weakened my will not to sin.
· Federal view- Adam’s sin was imputed to posterity; corrupt nature begets corrupt nature.
The third view is more Biblically sound. David agrees in Psalm 51:5 “Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me.” Romans 3:23 compliments the third view. “For all have sinned (past tense, a once-for-all act in history), and come short (Present tense, repeatedly coming short) of the glory of God.” The Pelegian and Semi-Pelagian can be discredited because it teaches that God's grace is merely an aid to help individuals come to Him. This is the definition of religion, “Mankind working towards Gods favor.” The Bible teaches in Ephesians 2:8-9 “For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God 9 Not by works, so that no one can boast.” I am therefore not a sinner because I sin, but I sin because I am a sinner.
14 Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come.
Paul is proving his case that even without the law, death was universal. Paul presents a great apologetic here! Paul shows us the fact that death reigned over those who did not sin by breaking a command. In other words, “Why did the people without individual direct revelation from God still die?” Answer, Adam affected many others as would be the pattern. Christ Jesus also affected many others.
COMPLETION OF SIN:
15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!
All men, without exception, bear the guilt of sin and are therefore subject to death. So the “many” who die must refer to all Adam’s descendants. Christ’s one act of redemption was immeasurably greater than Adam’s one act of condemnation!
16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification.
Adam introduced many to sin, resulting in condemnation. Jesus dealt with the condemnation so many could be justified. Justification is apart from the works of the law. Justification is the declarative act of God by which, on the basis of the sufficiency of Christ’s atoning death, he pronounces believers to have fulfilled all of the requirements of the law which pertain to them.
17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!
Death reigned through Adams sin. Life will reign through Jesus. Jesus resurrected from the grave by the agent of the Holy Spirit. The same Holy Spirit lives in believers. This gives us hope of our future bodily resurrection eternally with our Lord. 1 Corinthians 6:14 “By his power God raised the Lord from the dead, and he will raise us also.”
18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people.
What righteous act? Christ’s obedience, culminating the greatest demonstration of that obedience, death on a cross. Salvation is available for those who exercise faith in Jesus Christ.
19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.
The phrase, “Will be made” shows the imputation of righteousness of Christ to the believer. This is not an actual infusing of holiness into the individual. It is a matter of declaring the person righteous, as a judge does in acquitting the accused.
20 The law was brought in so that the trespass might increase. But where sin increased, grace increased all the more.
Paul shows the Scriptures importance. God revealed himself thought the living Word to make mankind aware of individual sinfulness and inability to keep God’s perfect standard. It also served as a tutor to drive mankind to Christ.
21 So that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
I love how Paul began with the law and ends with grace! Grace that increases and grace that reigns. Grace was given by God, abundantly available for those who are willing to receive it. And grace that reigns. Grace, defined as unmerited favor is a person. Jesus is the second person of the Tri-Une God. Soon Jesus will reign all the nations, “It is written: "‘as surely as I live,' says the Lord, 'every knee will bow before me; every tongue will acknowledge God.'"
Romans 6:23 “For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.”
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“Adam introduced death, Jesus dealt with death (John 11:25).
Adam introduced nakedness, Jesus dealt with the nakedness (John 19:23).
Adam introduced the curse, Jesus dealt with the curse (Galatians 3:13).
Adam introduced sorrow, Jesus dealt with sorrow (Isaiah 53:3).
Adam introduced thorns, Jesus dealt with thorns (John 19:5).
Adam introduced sweat, Jesus dealt with sweat (Luke 22:44).
Adam introduced a sword, Jesus dealt with the sword (John 19:34).”
~ Dr. Harold Willmington
Are you aware that you are sinful in the eyes of God apart from Christ?
Why are you fearful to receive Jesus as your Lord and Savior?
God, I am aware that we covered a lot today. But it's so crucial to know the origin and completion of sin. God you never desired for sin to enter, but you provided the means for redemption through your Son Jesus. You could have prevented mankinds free will but this is not love, it is dictatorship. We thank you that you are the God of Love. Through your Holy Spirit we pray that the readers come to their senses about their sinful nature. Through this acknowledgment we pray that you guide them into salvation, though your Son Jesus. We pray in the powerful name, Jesus, AMEN.